Amazon Web Services, LLC offers Web services that allow users to build businesses. Its Web services are self-contained functions that can be published and invoked across the Web using XML-based protocols. It offers functions for directly accessing Amazon’s technology platform and product data ranging from retrieving information on set of products to adding an item to a shopping cart. It offers Amazon Associates Web Service that exposes Amazon’s product data and e-commerce functionality; Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, a Web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud; Amazon Flexible Payments Service, which allows the movement of money between any two entities, humans, or computers; Amazon Mechanical Turk that provides a Web services API for computers to integrate artificial intelligence directly into their processing; and Amazon Simple Storage Service, which provides a Web services interface to store and retrieve data. It also provides Amazon Simple Queue Service that offers a hosted queue for storing messages as they travel between computers; Alexa Site Thumbnail, which provides developers with programmatic access to thumbnail images for the home pages of Web sites; Alexa Top Sites that provide access to the lists of Web sites ordered by Alexa traffic rank; Alexa Web Information Service, which makes Alexa’s repository of information about the traffic and structure of the Web available to developers; Alexa Web Search that offers programmatic access to Alexa’s Web search engine; and Amazon Relational Database Service, a Web service that allows user to set up, operate, and scale relational databases in the cloud. It offers solutions for Amazon associates, developers, businesses, Amazon sellers, and consumers. The company was incorporated in 2006 and is based in Seattle, Washington with data center in Singapore, as well as in the United States and Ireland. Amazon Web Services, LLC operates as a subsidiary of Amazon.com Inc.